44mm Piston External Wastegate
- Compact design for installation in even the tightest locations.
- Fully tuneable from 4psi to 26psi spring pressure (0.28 to 1.79bar). (Tuning beyond 26psi will require a boost controller)
- More accurate boost control with custom Eibach® springs made specifically for this application.
- Fully serviceable with no specialist tools required.
- Anodised billet housing.
- Water-cooled option as standard to keep the piston, O-ring and cylinder within their optimum operating range.
- NO Diaphragm to fail, unlike our competitors, which enables the use of high pressure compressor driven boost control above the piston if necessary or desired, without the danger of the diaphragm turning inside out
- Unique lightweight piston design.
- Faster response.
- Original purchaser has “Forge Motorsport Lifetime Warranty”.
- 304 Stainless Steel CNC machined V-band clamps supplied for easy installation and maximum clamping force.
- 44mm industry standard weld on fittings supplied for installation to any existing 44mm set up.
- Adjustable water inlet and outlet position.
Having been the world leaders in aftermarket replacement turbo actuators for the last 20 years we spent a long time conducting market research and development to find exactly what would constitute “The World’s Best External Wastegate“ and here we are… Forge Motorsport proudly present the world’s first piston wastegate with optional water cooling – the FMWCW1.
Following the release of our original piston operated wastegate we knew that we wanted to create a product that would perform to the same capability but within a more compact area.
In striving to do this, our engineers managed to develop a wastegate that exceeded all expectations.
Our new wastegate is 45% smaller than the original, and can withstand temperatures of over 1000℃ . The internals have been designed so that the piston is more responsive than ever. It is the world’s first external, piston operated wastegate with water-cooling capability.
We observed that there were issues within the industry of external wastegates failing due to the environments they are situated in. We knew that we did not want to take a step backwards and use diaphragm internals, so we concentrated on reducing the piston and spring size.
Our engineers came up with multiple body styles and conducted flow tests on each one to determine which would perform to the best ability and still have a good aesthetic design.
The piston has a unique lightweight design and a faster response, the internal area below the piston has been minimised so that there is less area to fill/empty before boost control occurs.
Following extensive in house flow and heat tests we dispatched multiple prototype wastegates to select motorsport contacts for extreme vehicle application testing. One was even fitted to our own race Mk1 Golf.
The materials of the wastegate have been specifically chosen for their ability to withstand the harsh environment they are exposed to: The valve is made from Inconel 800 and ground with a tolerance of 30 microns (0.03mm), the guide is made from Nitronic 60 machined to the same tolerances, and the base is 304 stainless steel and the aluminium upper body is aerospace grade 6082. Even the internal O-rings are made from Viton. Nothing has been left to chance.
Owen Developments continued to test the wastegates on other turbo applications they were involved with.
With all the Engineering aspects taken care of we needed to be sure we had the best performing springs controlling this new innovative product, so rather than using a commercial spring maker we turned to the masters of spring technology... Eibach!
Accurate turbo boost control is critical to the safe and smooth running of any forced induction engine. There are many design elements to a Wastegate that contribute to its boost control accuracy (boost sensitivity) but perhaps none more significant than the spring. The Wastegate spring is the component that ultimately controls the pressure at which the Wastegate valve opens and bleeds exhaust gases away from the turbo. Eibach, as a spring manufacturer, needs no introduction, having been seen on high end motorsport and high end road cars for many decades now. They represent the 'best' the industry has to offer. The Forge Motorsport engineers set out a brief to Eibach and what they proposed was nothing short of 'best in class' - exactly what we expected. The springs are made from a very high strength Silicone Chrome spring steel (same as they use for F1 springs!) and most notably for this application, have a tolerance of +/-70g of force at the blow open load - that's the equivalent force of a small confectionary bar! So boost sensitivity, the pressure change over the target pressure that causes the valve to blow open, is now greatly enhanced and so, therefore, is the boost control.
With a combination of a single spring and shims, the following boost pressure can be accurately realised:
All petrol / gasoline turbo engines utilise a wastegate of some kind and there are usually two types, an internal or external version, which refers to their location. An internal wastegate is built into the casting of the hotside of the turbo, connected to the exhaust. An external wastegate is mounted separately away from the turbo. Both these configurations provide a way to bypass the exhaust flow coming from the manifold around the turbine wheel, allowing you to maintain a set level of boost. The bypassed exhaust flow causes a reduction in the exhaust flow that is driving the turbine wheel, thus giving the ability to raise and lower boost as required to meet your target boost. Like a blow off valve, the external wastegate uses boost pressure to balance the flow bypassing the turbine.
External wastegate’s are usually used on high output engines, as it allows for a much smoother and less complicated casting on the turbo itself, as it no longer has to have provision for an internal wastegate, which in turn makes the turbo work more efficiently. Also boost creep, which is typical on a turbo with an internal wastegate where the wastegate hole is too small, is a thing of the past as the external wastegate can be of a much larger size without compromising the turbo.
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